WS2nanotube formation by sulphurization: Effect of precursor tungsten film thickness and stress

Sheung Mei Ng, Hon Fai Wong, Wang Cheung Wong, Choon Kiat Tan, Sin Yuk Choi, Chee Leung Mak, Gui Jun Li, Qing Chen Dong, Chi Wah Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition metal dichalcogenides can exhibit as 2-dimensional layers, 1-dimensional nanotubes or 0-dimensional quantum dot structures. In general, dichalcogenide nanotubes are grown under stringent conditions, using high growth temperatures with tedious processes. Here, we report the controlled formation of tungsten disulphide (WS2) nanostructures by manipulating the precursor film thickness, followed by a direct sulphurization process. WS2nanotubes were formed by ultra-thin tungsten precursor films, while particle-like WS2were obtained from thicker tungsten films under identical sulphurization conditions. To elucidate the origin of WS2nanostructure formation, micron-sized tungsten film tracks were prepared, and such patterned films were found to suppress the growth of WS2nanotubes. We attribute the suppression of nanotube formation to the relieving of film stress in patterned precursor films.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Nanotubes
  • Patterning
  • Transition metal dichalcogenides
  • Tungsten disulphide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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