Wrinkled Rh 2 P Nanosheets as Superior pH-Universal Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis

Kai Wang, Bolong Huang, Fei Lin, Fan Lv, Minchuan Luo, Peng Zhou, Qiao Liu, Weiyu Zhang, Chao Yang, Yonghua Tang, Yong Yang, Wei Wang, Hao Wang, Shaojun Guo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Searching for highly efficient and durable electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) that function effectively at all pHs is of great interest to the scientific community, however it is still a grand challenge, because the HER kinetics of Pt in alkaline solutions are approximately two to three orders of magnitude lower than that in acidic solution. Herein, a new class of wrinkled, ultrathin Rh 2 P nanosheets for enhancing HER catalysis at all pHs is reported. They exhibit a small overpotential of 18.3 mV at 10 mA cm −2 , low Tafel slope of 61.5 mV dec −1 , and good durability in alkaline media, much better than the commercial Pt/C catalyst. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the active open-shell effect from the P-3p band not only promotes Rh-4d for increased proton–electron charge exchange but also provides excellent p–p overlapping to locate the O-related species as distributary center, which can benefit the HER process in alkaline media. It is also demonstrated that the present wrinkled, ultrathin Rh 2 P nanosheets are highly efficient and durable electrocatalysts toward HER in both acid and neutral electrolytes. The present work opens a new material design for ultrathin 2D metal phosphide nanostructures for the purpose of boosting HER performance at all pHs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801891
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume8
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • 2D
  • heterogeneous catalysts
  • hydrogen evolution reaction
  • metal phosphides
  • wrinkled structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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