Wood pulp washing 2. Displacement washing of aqueous lignin from model beds with cationic polymer solutions

Pei Li, Robert Pelton

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cationic poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride), polyDADMAC, increased the efficiency of the displacement of aqueous kraft lignin from a bed of glass beads. The bed consisted of a cylindrical bed, 5 cm in diameter, of fine (97 μm) glass beads surrounding a center channel, 1.5 cm in diameter, filled with coarse (1200 μm) glass beads. The bed was designed to model the displacement washing characteristics of pulp fiber pads on kraft brownstock washers. The effects of polyDADMAC molecular weight and concentration on lignin displacement were investigated. The maximum washing efficiency corresponded to the polymer concentration giving the maximum yield of lignin/polyDADMAC precipitate. Low molecular weight polyDADMAC was not as effective as high molecular weight polymer whereas improved washing with polyamine was not dependent upon molecular weight. It was postulated that improved washing arose from the deposition of lignin/polyDADMAC complex in the center channel. This mechanism is called "clotting".
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-234
Number of pages12
JournalColloids and Surfaces
Volume64
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cationic polymers
  • displacement washing
  • kraft lignin
  • model beds
  • wood pulp.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this