Within-subjects vs between-subjects co-variation of prepulse-elicited reaction and the diminution of startle to the succeeding pulse stimulus in the prepulse inhibition paradigm

Keng Ting Sun, Wing Yeung Jimmy Lam, Chi Shing Tai, Wui Man Lau, Kay Yan Benjamin Yee (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prepulse inhibition (PPI) refers to the diminution of the startle reflex to a sudden and intense acoustic stimulus (pulse) when this startle-eliciting pulse is preceded shortly by a weaker prepulse stimulus. PPI is widely used in evaluating the effects of psychomimetic and antipsychotic drugs on sensorimotor gating, but individual differences in PPI expression have received scant attention. We have previously shown that mice and rats exhibiting stronger motor response to the prepulse also exhibit more PPI. It remains unexplored, however, if this between-subjects correlation may be similarly observed across trials from a within-subjects perspective. Here, we mapped the prepulse-elicited response to the diminution of the startle response to the succeeding pulse stimulus, trial-by-trial, across nine prepulse-pulse definitions with varying prepulse and pulse intensities. The resulting within-subjects correlation independently obtained in 113 adult C57BL6 mice revealed that trials registering a stronger prepulse reaction also recorded a larger startle response to the pulse stimulus, indicative of weaker PPI, especially when higher-intensity prepulses were paired with low-intensity pulses. The within- and between-subjects analyses have apparently yielded two contrasting relationships between the direct motor response to the prepulse and the inhibition of subsequent startle reaction induced by the same prepulse. One interpretation is that the within-subjects correlation reflects state-dependent variation, whereas the between-subjects correlation stems from trait-dependent individual variation. Finally, whether our present findings may depend on the nature of the prepulse reaction is further discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113924
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume430
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2022

Keywords

  • Acoustic startle reflex
  • Prepulse inhibition
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sensorimotor gating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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