Wireless information and power transfer: A dynamic power splitting approach

Liang Liu, Rui Zhang, Kee Chaing Chua

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

429 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy harvesting is a promising solution to prolong the operation time of energy-constrained wireless networks. In particular, scavenging energy from ambient radio signals, namely wireless energy harvesting (WEH), has recently drawn significant attention. In this paper, we consider a point-to-point wireless link over the flat-fading channel, where the receiver has no fixed power supplies and thus needs to replenish energy via WEH from the signals sent by the transmitter. We first consider a SISO (single-input single-output) system where the single-antenna receiver cannot decode information and harvest energy independently from the same signal received. Under this practical constraint, we propose a dynamic power splitting (DPS) scheme, where the received signal is split into two streams with adjustable power levels for information decoding and energy harvesting separately based on the instantaneous channel condition that is assumed to be known at the receiver. We derive the optimal power splitting rule at the receiver to achieve various trade-offs between the maximum ergodic capacity for information transfer and the maximum average harvested energy for power transfer, which are characterized by the boundary of a so-called «rate-energy (R-E)» region. Moreover, for the case when the channel state information is also known at the transmitter, we investigate the joint optimization of transmitter power control and receiver power splitting. The achievable R-E region by the proposed DPS scheme is also compared against that by the existing time switching scheme as well as a performance upper bound by ignoring the practical receiver constraint. Finally, we extend the result for optimal DPS to the SIMO (single-input multiple-output) system where the receiver is equipped with multiple antennas. In particular, we investigate a low-complexity power splitting scheme, namely antenna switching, which achieves the near-optimal rate-energy trade-offs as compared to the optimal DPS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6567869
Pages (from-to)3990-4001
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antenna switching
  • Energy harvesting
  • ergodic capacity
  • fading channel
  • multiple-antenna system
  • power control
  • power splitting
  • time switching
  • wireless power transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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