Wind turbine layout optimization using multi-population genetic algorithm and a case study in Hong Kong offshore

Xiaoxia Gao, Hongxing Yang, Lu Lin, Prentice Koo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a multi-population genetic algorithm (MPGA) program for wind turbine layout optimization in a wind farm which aims at extracting the maximum power in a minimum investment cost. The MPGA program is applied to a 2km×2km wind farm considering three different wind scenarios, i.e. (a): constant wind speed of 12m/s with fixed wind direction; (b): constant wind speed of 12m/s with variable wind direction and (c): variable wind speed of 8m/s, 12m/s, 17m/s with variable wind directions. Compared with previous studies, the results of power generation cost of energy and wind farm efficiency are improved in the paper using MPGA which validate that MPGA works effectively in wind turbine layout optimization with wind farm. Additionally, a case study of wind turbine layout configuration op1timization using the MPGA program in a hypothetical offshore wind farm located in Hong Kong southeastern water is attempted using the 20 years[U+05F3] wind data from 1992 to 2011. The optimization result is beneficial for the assessment of the offshore wind power potential in Hong Kong. It is indicated that, under the optimization of wind turbines layout in the wind farm, 39.14×108kWh/year electricity can be converted from the offshore wind farm, which occupies 9.09% of the 2012 electricity consumption in Hong Kong. Results show that the multi-population genetic algorithm program can be applied in any real-world wind farms for wind turbine layout optimization when the wind farm boundary is determined as well as the local wind condition is obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-99
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Hong Kong offshore
  • Multi-population genetic algorithm
  • Wind farm
  • Wind turbine layout optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering


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