## Abstract

The action of wind blowing over a closed basin ultimately results in a steady shear-induced circulation pattern and in a leeward rising of the free surface - and a corresponding windward lowering - known as wind set-up. If the horizontal dimensions of the basin are large with respect to the average flow depth, the occurrence of local quasi-equilibrium conditions can be expected, i.e. the flow can be assumed to be locally driven only by the wind stress and by the opposing free surface gradient due to set-up. This wind-induced flow configuration shows a strong similarity with turbulent Couette-Poiseuille flow, the one dimensional flow between parallel plates generated by the simultaneous action of a constant pressure gradient and of the shear induced by the relative motion of the plates. A two-equation turbulence closure is then employed to perform a numerical study of turbulent Couette-Poiseuille flows for different values of the ratio of the shear stresses at the two walls. The resulting eddy viscosity vertical distributions are analyzed in order to devise analytical profiles of eddy viscosity that account for the effect of wind. The results of this study, beside allowing for a physical insight on the turbulence process of this class of flows, will allow for a more accurate description of the wind effect to be included in the formulation of quasi-3D and 3D models of lagoon hydrodynamics.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 939-949 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Advances in Water Resources |

Volume | 28 |

Issue number | 9 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Sep 2005 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Couette-Poiseuille flows
- Eddy viscosity
- Shallow water
- Two-equation turbulence closure
- Wind-driven flow

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Water Science and Technology