Whom should I rely on for my future care? Patterns of care expectations and intergenerational correlates among ageing Chinese adults in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined ageing parents' care expectations across multiple care domains (financial and material, emotional, personal and informational) towards filial and formal sources and identified intergenerational correlates of care expectation patterns using a proposed care expectation model. Data of 780 eligible ageing parents were drawn from a representative household survey of ageing adults (≥50 years) conducted in 2016–2017. Latent class analysis was used to examine the typological structure underlying ageing parents' care expectations. Four patterns of care expectations were discovered: mixed–maximal, filial–modest, formal–modest and neither–minimal. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was conducted to validate the newly proposed care expectation model. In addition to certain predisposing factors (participants' age, sex and education), parental enabling resources (economic status), health characteristics (physical, mental and functional health status), children-related enabling characteristics (number of sons and marital status of children), and intergenerational enabling circumstances (intergenerational relationships and caregiving to their own parents) were introduced into the model and found to be associated with ageing parents' care expectations. The findings can inform policy and programmes that effectively respond to ageing adults' diverse care expectations in Hong Kong and have implications for other Asian societies facing rapid population ageing and increasing care demands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • care expectations
  • Chinese
  • latent class analysis
  • old age and social care
  • older people

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this