What Do Bilingual Models Tell Us About the Neurocognition of Multiple Languages?

Angela Grant, Jennifer Legault, Ping Li

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review


This chapter provides a review of both the bilingual cognitive models and the neural evidence in support of these models. The interactive activation in the bilingual interactive activation (BIA) model is affected by the reader's proficiency in the language and the current state of language activation. The inhibitory control (IC) model explicitly included inhibition in its model name and in the mechanisms that support bilingual processing. The IC model and the BIA model have some surface level similarities. They both involve a form of language-tagging, assuming that words in individual languages are associated with information about the language to which they belong, and both models utilize task schemas. The chapter discusses evidence for the existence of task schemas, proficiency-modulated lemma activation, and multiple levels of inhibition. It points out some new directions in the study of the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the representation and processing of multiple languages.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe handbook of the neuroscience of multilingualism
EditorsJohn W. Schwieter, Michel Paradis
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781119387725
ISBN (Print)9781119387701
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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