Well-Being and Health of Children in Rural China: the Roles of Parental Absence, Economic Status, and Neighborhood Environment

Qiushi Zhou, Shaolingyun Guo, Hui Jing Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Millions of children are left behind in rural China to grow in absence of parents as a result of parental rural–urban migration. Previous studies have suggested that due to lengthy separation from their parents, left-behind children showed poorer well-being than did non-left-behind children. However, those studies have not considered the two groups’ children’s differences in terms of family economy and neighborhood environment, which are affected by the impact of parental migration. This study examined rural children’s well-being, particularly their physical well-being, as functions of parental absence, family economic status, and neighborhood environment. From three rural areas of Henan Province, caregivers of 519 five- to nine-year-old answered questions regarding family economic status and parental absence status; one year later, the children were interviewed about their neighborhood environment, well-being, and health status. Results showed that parental absence affected children’s health, whereas family economic status affected children’s well-being, and the effect was partially mediated by the neighborhood environment. These results suggest the importance of family economic status and neighborhood environment in studies of parental migration and development of children in rural areas. Based on these results, we discussed practical strategies to improve the well-being of rural children with migrating parents under the profound environmental change in rural China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2023-2037
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Family economic status
  • Neighborhood environment
  • Parental absence
  • Rural children
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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