Weighted Sum-Rate of Intelligent Reflecting Surface Aided Multiuser Downlink Transmission with Statistical CSI

Qin Tao, Shuowen Zhang, Caijun Zhong, Weiqiang Xu, Hai Lin, Zhaoyang Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is a newly emerged technology that can increase the energy and spectral efficiency of wireless communication systems. This paper considers an IRS-aided multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system, and presents a detailed analysis and optimization framework for the weighted sum-rate (WSR) of the downlink transmission over Rician fading channels. Unlike most of the prior works where the active beamformer at the base station (BS) and passive beamformer at the IRS are jointly designed based on the instantaneous channel state information (CSI), this paper proposes a low-complexity transmission protocol where the IRS passive beamforming and BS power allocation coefficient vector are optimized in the large timescale based on the statistical CSI, and the BS transmit beamforming is designed in the small timescale based on only the instantaneous CSI of the effective BS-user channels. Therefore, the channel training overhead in each channel coherence interval under our proposed protocol is independent of the number of IRS reflecting elements, which is in sharp contrast to most of the prior works. By considering maximum-ratio transmit beamforming at the BS, we derive a lower bound of the ergodic WSR in closed-form. Then, we propose an efficient algorithm to jointly optimize the IRS passive beamforming and BS power allocation coefficient vector for maximizing the ergodic WSR lower bound. Numerical results validate the tightness of our derived WSR bound and show that the proposed scheme outperforms various existing schemes in terms of complexity or capacity performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle number 9656609
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Array signal processing
  • Channel estimation
  • Downlink
  • Intelligent reflecting surface
  • MISO communication
  • multi-user communications
  • Protocols
  • Resource management
  • Training
  • weighted sum-rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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