Web crippling of cold-formed unlipped channels with flanges restrained

Ben Young, G.J. Hancock

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper describes a series of web crippling tests on cold-formed unlipped channels with flanges restrained (fastened) as well as channels with flanges unrestrained (unfastened). The tests were performed under end and interior two-flange loading conditions specified in the North American Specification and Australian/New Zealand Standard for cold-formed steel structures, namely end-two-flange and interior-two-flange loading conditions. The concentrated load was applied by a bearing plate at the top flange of the channels, and the reaction force applied by an identical bearing plate at the bottom flange of the channels. The bearing plates acted across the full flange widths of the channels. The flanges of the channels were either bolted to one or two bearing plates for the specimens with flanges restrained. The web crippling test strengths are compared with the design strengths obtained using the North American Specification, Australian/New Zealand Standard and American Iron and Steel Institute Specification for cold-formed steel structures. It is shown that the design strengths predicted by the North American Specification using the unfastened design rules are generally conservative, but unconservatively predicted using the fastened design rules, even when the flanges of the specimens were restrained. The design strengths predicted by the Australian/New Zealand Standard and American Iron and Steel Institute Specification are unconservative. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-930
Number of pages20
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Channels
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Experimental investigation
  • Reliability analysis
  • Steel structures
  • Structural design
  • Web cripplingb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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