Web crippling of cold-formed ferritic stainless steel square and rectangular hollow sections

H.-T. Li, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 Elsevier LtdThis paper presents experimental and numerical investigations on cold-formed ferritic stainless steel (CFFSS) square and rectangular hollow sections undergoing web crippling. A total of 44 web crippling tests was carried out under the four codified web crippling load cases as per the American cold-formed stainless steel specification. Numerical model of each load case was built and verified with the web crippling test results. After the verification, a parametric study comprised of 154 finite element analyses was undertaken thereafter to gain further insight into the behaviour of the CFFSS sections undergoing web crippling. The current design provisions in the American, Australian/New Zealand and European stainless steel codes of practice were assessed. Moreover, the North American Specification (NAS) provisions for carbon and low-alloy steel sections were evaluated. Furthermore, design recommendations in the literature for stainless steel sections were examined. Improved design rules are proposed in this study for CFFSS square and rectangular hollow sections by modifying NAS and Direct Strength Method. Reliability analysis was also undertaken to assess the reliability levels of the existing and modified provisions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)968-980
Number of pages13
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold-formed steel
  • Design rules
  • Direct strength method
  • Ferritic stainless steel
  • Hollow sections
  • Web crippling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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