This paper describes a simulation model for analyzing the probability of power supply failure in hybrid photovoltaic-wind power generation systems incorporating a storage battery bank, and also analyzes the reliability of the systems. An analysis of the complementary characteristics of solar irradiance and wind power for Hong Kong is presented. The analysis of local weather data patterns shows that solar power and wind power can compensate well for one another, and can provide a good utilization factor for renewable energy applications. For the loss of power supply probability (LPSP) analysis, the calculation objective functions and restraints are set up for the design of hybrid systems and to assess their reliability. To demonstrate the use of the model and LPSP functions, a case study of hybrid solar-wind power supply for a telecommunication system is presented. For a hybrid system on the islands surrounding Hong Kong, a battery bank with an energy storage capacity of 3 days is suitable for ensuring the desired LPSP of 1%, and a LPSP of 0% can be achieved with a battery bank of 5 days storage capacity.
- Battery bank
- Hybrid photovoltaic-wind system
- LPSP method
- Simulation model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment