Wearable strain sensing textile based on one-dimensional stretchable and weavable yarn sensors

Xiaoting Li, Haibo Hu, Tao Hua, Bingang Xu, Shouxiang Jiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


Flexible, wearable, and even stretchable sensors are the key components of smart electronic textiles. However, most reported flexible and wearable sensors for wearable electronics are usually fabricated in two-dimensional (2D) planar strip configurations, which cannot be properly integrated into textile structures and thus greatly degrade intrinsic properties such as the softness, flexibility, and air permeability of textiles and the aesthetic feeling of clothing. In this work, a new one-dimensional weavable strain sensing yarn consisting of an elastic polyurethane (PU) core, a conductive Ag-nanoparticles/graphene-microsheets composite sheath, and a silicone encapsulation layer was designed and fabricated through an easily manipulated protocol. Arising from the reasonable structural design and appropriate material selection, the as-fabricated strain sensor not only exhibited excellent flexibility, stretchability, and highly repeatable electromechanical stability (a repeatability error of 1.56%) but also possessed both high sensitivity (a gauge factor of nearly 500) and a relatively wide working range (0–50% applied strain) with good linearity (a correlation coefficient of 0.98). In addition, the facile, nearly all-solution-based fabrication protocol enabled the scalable production of long conductive yarns. Thus, the proper yarn length and superb mechanical properties endowed the stretchable conductive yarn with good weavability. The excellent wearability of the stretchable conductive yarn was derived from the outermost isolating, hydrophobic, and biocompatible silicone encapsulation layer. A wearable high-sensitivity strain sensing textile, fabricated by directly weaving the as-prepared yarn-based sensor, showed great potential for application to wearable textile sensors for real-time monitoring of human motions from vigorous walking to subtle and complex pronunciations. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5799-5811
Number of pages13
JournalNano Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • one-dimensional (1D)
  • polyurethane elastomer
  • sensor
  • strain sensing textiles
  • stretchable
  • weavable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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