Water desorption characteristics of saturated lightweight fine aggregate in ultra-high performance concrete

Peiliang Shen, Linnu Lu, Fazhou Wang, Yongjia He, Shuguang Hu, Jianxin Lu, Haibing Zheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the water desorption behavior of saturated lightweight fine aggregate (LWA) in ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) was systemmically investigated using isothermal calorimetry, relative humidity (RH), mercury intrusion porosimetry, X-ray microtomography methods, etc. The LWA with high porosity and coarse pore structure exhibited high absorption and easy desorption at high RH. The results indicate that a large amount of water in LWA was released before setting, resulting in an increase of water to binder ratio, which had an adverse effect on the performance. However, the water absorbed in LWA released fast after 6 h, inducing an internal curing effect. Mechanism on a “four-stage desorption” driven by capillary pressure and RH gradient was proposed. The water desorption that is beneficial for the internal curing is calculated. The results indicated that the internal curing efficiency could be enhanced by increasing LWA content and reducing its pore size.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103456
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Internal curing
  • Lightweight fine aggregate
  • Relative humidity
  • Ultra-high performance concrete
  • Water desorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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