Waste to energy in a circular economy approach for better sustainability: A comprehensive review and SWOT analysis

Huijuan Xiao, Zhiwei Li, Xiaoping Jia, Jingzheng Ren

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review


Waste management has become an increasingly crucial issue for China because of the large quantities of municipal solid waste and its multiple negative impacts on the environment and society if inappropriately disposed of. Meanwhile, sustainable development requires an adequate supply of clean and affordable renewable energy sources. Waste-to-energy (WTE) contributes significantly to the circular economy by generating energy and promoting sustainable development. This chapter firstly investigates Chinese waste by providing a comprehensive analysis of the current status of waste and WTE management. Literature reviews about waste by types and management options are then presented. Then, a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) of WTE systems in China has been carried out. The results reveal that China has great potential to accelerate the establishment of WTE systems, and the newly launched garbage classification in 2019 provides opportunities to overcome some weaknesses and threats of WTE systems. Waste treatment in China is still in the development stage, and more attention should be paid to the technical strengths and management details, especially for pretreatment management.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWaste-to-Energy
Subtitle of host publicationMulti-Criteria Decision Analysis for Sustainability Assessment and Ranking
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2020

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