V0.5Nb0.5ZrTi refractory high-entropy alloy fabricated by laser addictive manufacturing using elemental powders

Peng Zhu, Yao Yu, Cheng Zhang, Qingjun Zhou, Bailing An, Rong Guo, K. C. Chan, Lin Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a V0.5Nb0.5ZrTi refractory high-entropy alloy is successfully fabricated by the selective laser melting (SLM) method using elemental powders as precursors. A crack-free SLM-prepared (SLMed) sample with a nearly single BCC structure is acquired with a volume energy density (VED) of 333 J/mm3. However, when the VED is lower or higher than 333 J/mm3, microcracks are generated in the SLMed samples. The finite element method simulation reveals that there are two mechanisms for generation of cracks. When VED < 333 J/mm3, Zr particles are not completely melted. Cracks are formed around the Zr particles due to the crystalline structure and coefficient of thermal expansion mismatches between the unmelted Zr particles and the alloyed BCC matrix. When VED > 333 J/mm3, cracks are formed due to thermal stress induced by the large temperature gradient during the SLM process. In addition, the SLMed crack-free sample exhibits much better mechanical properties than the as-cast counterpart. The current study provides a reference for the application of SLM technology to prepare refractory high-entropy alloys with excellent mechanical properties using elemental powders as the precursor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106220
Pages (from-to)10
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • Finite element method simulation
  • Mechanical property
  • Refractory high-entropy alloy
  • Selective laser melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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