Vortex formation process in gravity-driven starting jets

Ching Man Yu, A.W.-K. Law, J.J. Ai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted to investigate the vortex formation process in gravity-driven starting jets at three Reynolds numbers Re = D\overlineW 0 ? = 2,358,} 3,528 and 4,716 where D is the nozzle diameter, W?_0 the average discharging velocity and ? the kinematic viscosity). Planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) was used to visualize the flow while particle image velocimetry (PIV) was used to quantify the 2D velocity and vorticity fields. Vortex leapfrogging was found to appear at Re = 2,358, while pinch-off for the leading vortex was observed in the other two cases. Conditions for the vortex pinch-off appeared to be different from those found in the piston-driven starting jets. Although the leading vortex attained the maximum circulation and energy level very quickly after the jet was initiated, its detachment from the main stem may not be achieved necessarily. Attempt had been made to elaborate the different flow characteristics for respective cases from the related distribution of circulation and energy level via the measured velocity field by PIV. © Springer-Verlag 2007.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-797
Number of pages15
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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