VONNA(HBP): A multimedia learning package on hotel budget planning

Wing Sing Cho, James Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, a new learning package, VONNA(HBP), which provides an interactive and online environment for novices to study and practice hotel budget planning, is introduced. Its design philosophy will be discussed thoughtfully with special focus on how to make use of the multimedia and Internet. According to literatures, learning packages are faced to be more effective in delivering teaching material. Researchers indicate that students using a self-paced learning package score higher than in a traditional classroom setting. Moreover, the learning package provides different scenarios for students to explore themselves in a practical environment and is more cost effective and systematic than lectures. Currently, most learning packages in hotel education are not implemented using multimedia with Internet access. Our paper describes a new learning package that fills the gaps. VONNA(HBP) requires participants to investigate operational budgets on various areas such as sales levels, payroll, inventory level, promotion strategies, and facilities planning, etc. Eventually, the students/novices are required to practice their skills in a comprehensive case about a hypothetical hotel. They need to solve managerial problems by a combination of budgetary planning on human resources, staff training programmes, facilities' maintenance and replacement, or promotion schemes. Analytical tools are available for students/novices to judge an appropriate decision in handling constrained resources.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-79
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2002


  • Hotel budgeting
  • Multimedia learning and teaching package

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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