Vocational Versus Academic Debate on Undergraduate Education in Hospitality and Tourism: The Case of Indonesia

Hera Oktadiana, Kaye Kye Sung Chon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study seeks to identify similarities and differences between vocational and academic-level bachelor programs within Indonesian hospitality and tourism education. Both the abilities and knowledge profiles of the graduates and the curriculum content are considered. These degrees were developed in 2008 following government recognition of hospitality and tourism as a field of study. Formerly these areas of study were only offered at diploma levels with a strong vocational emphasis. The findings from archival and interview assessments indicate that although subtle differences exist in the content of vocational and academic bachelor offerings, they are largely indistinguishable. A more searching underpinning of the programs using a distinctive educational philosophy is suggested to guide the aims and objectives of the different degrees. Such a structured approach could serve as a guideline for the selection of course content and teaching and learning endeavors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017


  • Academic bachelor
  • course content
  • curriculum
  • hospitality and tourism education
  • Indonesia
  • vocational bachelor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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