Ag/g-C3N4 plasmonic photocatalysts with porous structure (Ag/PCN) were successfully synthesized via a thermal exfoliation strategy and photo-reduction method. Owing to the combined merits of porous structure and surface plasmon resonance effect of silver nanoparticles, the Ag/PCN catalysts exhibited excellent photocatalytic performance for the degradation of antibiotic agents. With the optimal Ag loading, the Ag/PCN-2 catalyst exhibited the optimal catalytic activity for TC degradation under visible light, which shows about 11.8 times enhancement in the photocatalytic removal efficiency as compared to pure g-C3N4, respectively. This phenomenon can be attributed to the increased specific surface area, broadened visible light absorption and improved charge separation. The radical quenching results confirmed that h+ and [rad]O2 − radicals were the major active species during removal of TC. The degradation of TC is increased with the increment of Ag/PCN-2 catalysts, and the optimum catalyst was found to be 1.67 g/L. The hindering effect of selected of anions (Cl−, CO3 −, H2PO4 −) was found to follow the order H2PO4 − > CO3 − > Cl−. Ag/PCN-2 sample also possessed high stability after six cycles of reuses. Furthermore, the possible degradation pathways of TC and photocatalytic mechanism over Ag/PCN-2 were proposed in detail.
- Degradation pathway
- Porous structure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry