Vibroacoustic modeling of an acoustic resonator tuned by dielectric elastomer membrane with voltage control

Xiang Yu, Zhenbo Lu, Li Cheng, Fangsen Cui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The resonator takes the form of a side-branch cavity which is attached to a rigid duct and covered by a pre-stretched Dielectric Elastomer (DE) in the neck area. A three-dimensional, analytical model based on the sub-structuring approach is developed to characterize the complex structure-acoustic coupling between the DE membrane and its surrounding acoustic media. We show that such resonator provides sound attenuation in the medium frequency range mainly by means of sound reflection, as a result of the membrane vibration. The prediction accuracy of the proposed model is validated against experimental test. The pre-stretched DE membrane with fixed edges responds to applied voltage change with a varying inner stress and, by the same token, its natural frequency and vibrational response can be tuned to suit particular frequencies of interest. The peaks in the transmission loss (TL) curves can be shifted towards lower frequencies when the voltage applied to the DE membrane is increased. Through simulations on the effect of increasing the voltage level, the TL shifting mechanism and its possible tuning range are analyzed. This paves the way for applying such resonator device for adaptive-passive noise control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-126
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Acoustic resonator
  • Adaptive-passive control
  • Dielectric elastomer
  • Membrane silencer
  • Vibroacoustic modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this