Vertical Graphene Tunneling Heterostructure with Ultrathin Ferroelectric BaTiO3 Film as a Tunnel Barrier

Hung Lit Chan, Shuoguo Yuan, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationLetterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) have attracted enormous interests as one of the promising candidates for next-generation non-volatile resistance memories. In this work, we report a novel FTJ employing both two-dimensional material and semiconductor electrode, in the graphene/BaTiO3/Nb:SrTiO3 heterostructure, yielding an interesting tunneling electroresistance (TER) effect. We investigate the TER dependence on Nb doping concentrations from 0.1 to 1.0 wt% in the semiconductor electrode. In addition to modulating barrier height by ferroelectric polarization reversal, the ON/OFF resistance ratio can be tuned by adjusting Nb doping concentrations due to further modulation of barrier width. An optimized ON/OFF ratio above 103 of the device is observed when introducing 0.1 wt% Nb concentration at room temperature. Furthermore, good retention property and switching reproducibility can be achieved in the devices. The results provide a novel pathway to design the graphene-based FTJ at the nanoscale, which is useful for developing non-volatile memory devices with enhanced performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800205
JournalPhysica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • ferroelectric tunnel junctions
  • graphene-based devices
  • pulsed laser deposition
  • tunneling electroresistance effect
  • two-dimensional materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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