Veridical and false recall in adults who stutter

Courtney T. Byrd, Li Sheng, Nan Bernstein Ratner, Zoi Gkalitsiou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study used a false memory paradigm to explore the veridical and false recall of adults who stutter. Method: Twelve adults who stutter and 12 age-matched typically fluent peers listened to and then verbally recalled lists of words that consisted of either semantic or phonological associates or an equal number of semantic and phonological associates (i.e., hybrid condition) of a single, unpresented critical “lure” word. Three parameters of recall performance were measured across these 3 conditions: (a) number of accurately recalled words, (b) order of recall (primacy vs. recency effect), and (c) number of critical lures produced (i.e., false memories). Results: Significant group differences were noted in recall accuracy specific to list type and also list position as well as relative to critical lure productions. Conclusions: Results suggest that certain basic memory processes (i.e., recency effect) and the processing of gist semantic information are largely intact in adults who stutter, but recall of verbatim phonological information and subvocal rehearsal may be deficient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-42
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this