Verbal learning and memory following stroke

G. Andrews, G.S. Halford, Ho Keung David Shum, A. Maujean, M. Chappell, D.P. Birney

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The research examined whether verbal learning and memory impairment previously observed 1 year after left hemisphere stroke endures over a longer period and whether stroke sufferers compensate for their impairments using working memory. Methodology: Twenty-one persons with left hemisphere lesions; 20 with right hemisphere lesions only and 41 matched controls completed the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R), a working memory test (Letter-Number Sequencing, LNS) and the Boston Naming Test (BNT). Results: Persons with left hemisphere damage performed more poorly on HVLT-R than controls. They showed poorer immediate recall, delayed recall, recognition and learning, but intact retention, suggesting an encoding impairment. BNT and LNS scores predicted recall in this group. HVLT-R performance of persons with right hemisphere lesions only was comparable to controls. BNT (not LNS) predicted recall in these groups. Conclusions: Persons with left hemisphere damage relied more on working memory and recruited diverse left hemisphere regions to compensate for their impaired encoding. Implications: Tasks requiring verbal encoding and memory are effortful following left hemisphere stroke. This should be recognized and accommodated. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-447
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Learning and memory
  • Left hemisphere
  • Picture naming
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology


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