Vascularity and grey-scale sonographic features of normal cervical lymph nodes: Variations with nodal size

Tin Cheung Ying, Anil Ahuja, Fiona Brook, Constantine Metreweli

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: This study was undertaken to investigate variations in the vascularity and grey-scale sonographic features of cervical lymph nodes with their size. Materials and Methods: High resolution grey-scale sonography and power Doppler sonography were performed in 1133 cervical nodes in 109 volunteers who had a sonographic examination of the neck. Standardized parameters were used in power Doppler sonography. Results: About 90% of lymph nodes with a maximum transverse diameter greater than 5 mm showed vascularity and an echogenic hilus. Smaller nodes were less likely to show vascularity and an echogenic hilus. As the size of the lymph nodes increased, the intranodal blood flow velocity increased significantly (P < 0.05), whereas there was no significant variation in the vascular resistance (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The findings provide a baseline for grey-scale and power Doppler sonography of normal cervical lymph nodes. Sonologists will find varying vascularity and grey-scale appearances when encountering nodes of different sizes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-419
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


  • Echogenic hilus
  • Lymph nodes
  • Neck
  • Size
  • Ultrasound
  • Vascularity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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