Variation of multifocal electroretinogram with axial length

Ho Lung Henry Chan, N. Mohidin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The first-order kernel response of multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) decreases in myopia. A recent study indicates that the flash ERG is also reduced with increased axial length. The aim of this study was to investigate the variations in the first-order response (K1) and the first slice of second-order response (K2.1) across the retina for different axial lengths. Methods: Thirty healthy subjects with axial length from 23.72 to 28.13 mm (spherical equivalent refractive errors from plano to -10.50 D) were recruited for mfERG measurement using VERIS 4.0. All subjects were fully corrected after cycloplegic refraction and pupils were dilated prior to mfERG recording. There is one trough, n1, and one peak, p1, in the K1 response and three troughs, n1, n2, n3, and three peaks, p1, p2, p3, in the K2.1 response. The amplitudes and implicit times of K1 and K2.1 responses were analysed to determine the characteristic of the responses across retina and the correlation to axial length. Results: The amplitudes of p1 (in the first-order kernel-K1) decreased in the central region and the paracentral region (ring 3) as the axial length increased. The central retinal region showed high rates of reduction in both n1 and p1 (in K1). The amplitudes of n1p1 and n2p2 (in the first slice of the second-order kernel-K2.1) were reduced in the paracentral region (from ring 2 to ring 5) as axial length increased. The average n1 and p1 in K1, and n1p1 and n2p2 in K2.1 mfERG responses are decreased in amplitude by 6-10% per millimetre elongation of axial length. Conclusion: Eyes with longer axial lengths, usually with high myopia, have a weaker mfERG response and this attenuation is across the measured retina (from central to paracentral regions) but different kernel responses show a different pattern of attenuation at different retinal eccentricities. The weaker mfERG responses may be related to the morphological changes associated with increased axial length.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003


  • Axial length
  • Kernel analysis
  • Multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG)
  • Myopia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • General Health Professions


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