Three-dimensional discrete cosine transform (3-D DCT) coding has the advantage of reducing the interframe redundancy among a number of consecutive frames, while the motion compensation technique can only reduce the redundancy of at most two frames. However, the performance of the 3-D DCT coding will be degraded for complex scenes with a greater amount of motion. This paper presents a 3-D DCT coding with a variable temporal length that is determined by the scene change detector. Our idea is to let the motion activity in each block be very low, while the efficiency of the 3-D DCT coding could be increased. Experimental results show that this technique is indeed very efficient. The present approach has substantial improvement over the conventional fixed-length 3-D DCT coding and is also better than that of the Moving Picture Expert Group (MPEG) coding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design