Variability in repeated contrast sensitivity measures: implications for the individual patient

Brian Brown, Keng Hung Maurice Yap

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We measured contrast sensitivity at three spatial frequencies (3, 6, 12 cycles/degree) in nine observers repeatedly over four weeks to establish the level of practice effects and the variability to be expected within subjects on repeated testing. We found that the variability for the group as a whole was approximately three times that for any individual within the group. If the group norms were used to determine whether a patient's responses were abnormal, subjects with highest contrast sensitivity could he as many as 28 standard deviations from their own mean before they would be considered for referral. These and similar data on other tests are important in establishing statistical limits for measures of visual function, so that abnormalities can be detected and treatment of disease can be started as early as possible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991


  • contrast sensitivity
  • CSF
  • referral criteria
  • repeated measures
  • variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


Dive into the research topics of 'Variability in repeated contrast sensitivity measures: implications for the individual patient'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this