Validation of the interpersonal reactivity index in a Chinese context

Man Hong Andrew Siu, Tan Lei Shek

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (C-IRI) for the assessment of empathy in Chinese people were examined. Method: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was translated to Chinese, and an expert panel reviewed its content validity and cultural relevance. The translated instrument (C-IRI) was administered to 189 junior high school students and 391 university students. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a stable hierarchical three-factor structure that was consistent with structure of the English IRI, but the cognitive and emotional aspects of empathy were combined to form a new factor. The subscales of the C-IRI demonstrated acceptable to good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Some evidence for the construct validity of the measure was also found. Conclusions: The C-IRI possessed acceptable psychometric properties in Chinese adolescent samples. The present findings suggest that the cognitive and emotional aspects of empathy are not differentiated in Chinese adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005


  • Chinese
  • Empathy
  • Interpersonal Reactivity Index
  • Scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)


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