Validation of the Empathy Quotient in Mainland China

Q. Zhao, D.L. Neumann, X. Cao, S. Baron-Cohen, X. Sun, Y. Cao, C. Yan, Y. Wang, L. Shao, Ho Keung David Shum

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This research aimed to validate a simplified Chinese version of the Empathy Quotient (EQ; 60 items) for use with Mainland Chinese people. The original English version of the EQ was translated into simplified Chinese. Through an online survey, 588 Mainland Chinese participants completed the EQ and 3 other questionnaires: the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS–20). Thirty-five participants completed retesting of the EQ 3 to 4 weeks later. Sex differences on the EQ scores and psychometric properties of the EQ items were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that an EQ 15-item structural model fitted the data quite well. Self-report empathy, as assessed by the current simplified Chinese version of the EQ, appeared to relate to participants' autistic and alexithymic traits but not sex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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