Validation of a subjective outcome evaluation tool for participants in a positive youth development program in Hong Kong

Tan Lei Shek, Man Sze Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Study Objective: Utilizing primary-factor and hierarchical confirmatory factor analyses, this study examined the factor structure of a subjective outcome evaluation tool for the program participants for the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Design and Participants: A subjective outcome evaluation scale was used to assess the views of program participants on the program, implementer, and program effectiveness of the Project P.A.T.H.S. A total of 28,431 Secondary 2 students responded to this measure after they had completed the program. Results: Consistent with the conceptual model, findings based on confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the primary factor model and the higher-order factor model containing 3 primary factors. By randomly splitting the total sample into 2 subsamples, support for different forms of factorial invariance was found. There was also support for the internal consistency of the total scale and the 3 subscales. Conclusion: Confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the factorial validity of the subjective outcome evaluation instrument designed for program participants in the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Issue numberS
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Factorial invariance
  • Subjective outcome evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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