Using porous inserts to enhance heat transfer in laminar fully-developed flows

Wai Cheung Timothy Tong, M. C. Sharatchandra, Z. Gdoura

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this work is to investigate if it is possible to use porous inserts to enhance heat transfer in rectangular channels. A mathematical model that includes inertia and viscous effects is used to determined the velocity profile in the porous region. For the fluid region, momentum transfer is modeled using the Navier-Stokes equation. These equations and the energy equations are solved numerically via a finite-difference method. Heat transfer between the channel walls and the fluid is determined as a function of Darcy number, inertia parameter, ratio of the fluid and porous medium thermal conductivities, and the porous insert thickness. It is shown that heat transfer could be enhanced by placing a porous insert in the channel. Moreover, for some conditions heat transfer is maximized by using a porous insert thinner than the channel height while a porous insert that completely fills the channel is needed for other conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-770
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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