Using incinerated sewage sludge ash to improve the water resistance of magnesium oxychloride cement (MOC)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Cement pastes were prepared to evaluate the compressive strength and microstructure of the blended cements. Besides, the volume stability of cement mixture during air curing and water immersion was tested by measuring the length change of mortar bar specimens. In addition to cement paste and mortar, Na2SiO3·9H2O and Al(NO3)3·9H2O were used to react with MOC as the replacement of ISSA to synthesize pure hydration products. Paste studies revealed that ISSA additions of 10–30% significantly improve the water resistance of MOC. Mortar studies showed that ISSA significantly reduced expansion of mortar bars immersed in water. The improved water resistance and reduced expansion is directly related to the decrease in MgO content of pastes and an improved stability of Phase 3 (3Mg(OH)2·MgCl2·8H2O) and Phase 5 (5Mg(OH)2·MgCl2·8H2O) in water. Results from sol-gel experiments suggest that ISSA can act as a source of soluble Al and Si which results in the formation of an amorphous M-Cl-A-S-H type cementitious gel. The gel formed could help improve Phase 3 and Phase 5 stability in water by interlocking mechanisms which impede the access of water to Phase 3 and Phase 5.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2017


  • Gel formation
  • Incinerated sewage sludge ash
  • Magnesium oxychloride cement
  • Microstructure
  • Water resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Using incinerated sewage sludge ash to improve the water resistance of magnesium oxychloride cement (MOC)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this