Using artificial neural networks to assess the applicability of recycled aggregate classification by different specifications

Zhenhua Duan, Chi Sun Poon, Jianzhuang Xiao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Due to their high variability, the use of recycled coarse aggregates (RAs) in new structural concrete is not so common. While there are guidelines published in various countries providing advice on the use of RAs, the classification and requirements differ significantly. This study presents a novel method of using artificial neural networks (ANN) to evaluate the feasible use of RAs, classified by several national standards/specifications, to fully or partially substitute natural coarse aggregates in concrete with different strength grades. The evaluation is conducted through the comparison of the predicted compressive strength and elastic modulus of natural aggregate concrete (NAC) with those of RAC by using self-developed ANN models, ANN16-fcand ANN16-Ec, respectively. The predictions suggest that, most of the RAs classified by different specifications are of sufficient quality to be used in low-grade concrete (C30), but good quality control of RA is still necessary to produce RAC with equivalent compressive strength to that of NAC. As RAs investigated in this study are only considered in their minimum quality (critical) conditions, it is reasonable to be optimistic about the use of RAs in concrete production with a higher replacement level, especially for structural uses.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Artificial neural networks
  • Compressive strength
  • Elastic modulus
  • Recycled coarse aggregate
  • Specifications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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