Use of mobile app to enhance functional outcomes and adherence of home-based rehabilitation program for elderly with hip fracture: A randomized controlled trial

Kui Ching Cheng (Corresponding Author), Kin Ming Ken Lau, Andy S.K. Cheng, Tin Sing Keith Lau, Fuk On Titanic Lau, Mun Cheung Herman Lau, Sheung Wai Law

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mobile app has been used to improve exercise adherence and outcomes in populations with different health conditions. However, the effectiveness of mobile app in delivering home-based rehabilitation program to elderly patients with hip fracture is unclear. Objective: The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of mobile app in delivering home-based rehabilitation program for improving functional outcomes and reducing caregiver stress with enhancing adherence among the elderly patients with hip fracture. Methods: A randomized controlled trial with an intervention period of two months was performed. Eligible participants were randomized into either experimental group with home-based rehabilitation program using a mobile app or control group with home-based rehabilitation program using an exercise pamphlet. Primary outcomes were Modified Functional Ambulatory Category (MFAC), Elderly Mobility Scale (EMS) and Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS). Secondary outcomes were exercise adherence and Modified Caregiver Strain Index (M-CSI). The outcomes were collected at pre-discharge training session, one month and two months after hospital discharge. Results: A total of 50 participants were enrolled, with 19 participants in the experimental group and 20 participants in the control group. Eleven participants had withdrawn from the study. The experimental group showed higher exercise adherence than the control group in first month (p=0.03). There were no between-group differences in MFAC, EMS, LEFS and M-CSI at the first month and second month. Conclusion: Use of the mobile app improved exercise adherence, yet it did not improve physical performance, self-efficacy and reduce caregiver stress when compared to a standard home rehabilitation program for elderly patients with hip fracture. Further studies to investigate the benefits of mobile apps are required. (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04053348.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalHong Kong Physiotherapy Journal
Volume42
Issue number2
Early online date15 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • exercise
  • hip fractures
  • mobile application

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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