The fire environment in thirty-six car parks of volumes varying from 2,000 m3to 50,000 m3, ceiling heights of 3 m, 4 m and 5 m are simulated using the fire zone model, CFAST version 2.0 developed at the Building and Fire Research Laboratory, NIST in U.S.A. The concept of using the space volume as a criterion to determine the requirement of smoke extraction system is reviewed. The concept of time constant in an atrium hall is proposed to be used in car parks and underground spaces. The empirical expression fitted by experimental data appearing in NFPA-92B is applied to calculate the time con stant. This is then correlated with the smoke filling time for those thirty-six car parks with and without natural horizontal ceiling vents. Design of the smoke extraction system for underground spaces is also studied.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering