Unravelling the energy transfer of Er3+-self-sensitized upconversion in Er3+-Yb3+-Er3+clustered core@shell nanoparticles

Bolong Huang, Mingzi Sun, Alan William Dougherty, Hao Dong, Yue Jiao Xu, Ling Dong Sun, Chun Hua Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unravelling upconversion (UC) energy transfer mechanisms is significant for designing novel efficient anti-Stokes phosphors. We have studied the correlation of different lanthanide dopants within Er3+-self-sensitized core@shell upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). Here, our focus will be on high-concentration dopants that are able to sufficiently produce the clustering effect, especially within the interplay between Er3+and Yb3+. We demonstrate that whatever the amount of the self-sensitizer (e.g., Er3+), abnormal absorption enhancement will occur as long as Yb3+clusters are present. This effect originates from the substantial energy transfer between Yb3+-Yb3+clusters despite the increased energy transfer from Yb3+to Er3+. Therefore, the energy transfer efficiency is still constrained. However, we conversely used one of the aforementioned quench-paths of UC energy transfer to easily transfer the energy from the in-shell shell layer to the in-core area with the assistance of the energy potential reservoir, which was given by the homogeneous core@shell band offset at the interface region. Indirectly, we actualize the Er3+UC luminescence with self-sensitization through an extended energy transfer path. This work provides a solid support and analytic theory for unraveling the energy transfer mechanism from recent works on Er3+self-sensitized UC luminescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18490-18497
Number of pages8
JournalNanoscale
Volume9
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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