Unraveling the role of EGR olefins at advanced combustion conditions in the presence of nitric oxide: Ethylene, propene and isobutene

Song Cheng, Chiara Saggese, S. Scott Goldsborough, Scott W. Wagnon, William J. Pitz

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The role of EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) olefinic constituents at advanced combustion conditions in the presence of nitric oxide is unraveled in this study through experimental and modeling efforts using a twin-piston rapid compression machine operating at a stochiometric fuel loading with 20% EGR by mass, pressures of 20 and 40 bar, and temperatures from 680 to 950 K. Five different levels of olefin addition, focusing on ethylene, propene and isobutene, with a fixed amount of NO at 70 ppm are doped into test mixtures of PACE-20, a multi-component gasoline surrogate, where olefin addition effects are characterized through changes in ignition times and heat release rates. Experiments indicate that all three EGR olefins inhibit autoignition reactivity and low-temperature heat release at Tc < 850 K, with isobutene exhibiting the greatest impact, while at Tc > 850 K, low ethylene and propene additions promote reactivity. A recently updated chemical kinetic model, with detailed gasoline/NOx interacting and olefin/NOx interacting chemistry incorporated, is adopted to simulate the experiments. Simulation results are somewhat inconsistent with the experiments, where the model captures the inhibiting effects of all olefins on first-stage ignition reactivity, while consistently predicting a promoting effect on main ignition reactivity. Sensitivity and rate of production analyses reveal that adding olefins greatly alters the role of the consuming pathways for the olefins and their primary derivatives at the initial stage of the oxidation process, particularly with the presence of NO, where the olefins and their derivatives interact with both NOx species such as NO2 and other species such as OH and HO2. The olefin/NOx interactions are particularly pronounced with propene and isobutene addition, where these lead to increased ignition reactivity by facilitating NO production and are mostly responsible for the disagreement between the model and experiments. Further investigations of olefin interacting chemistry, particularly those with NOx species, are needed for chemistry models to accurately predict the complicated effects of EGR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112344
JournalCombustion and Flame
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Autoignition
  • EGR olefins
  • Gasoline/olefin interaction
  • Olefin/NO interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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