Unionization, compensation, and voice effects on quits and retention

John E. Delery, Nina Gupta, Jason DeFrance Shaw, G. Douglas Jenkins, Margot L. Ganster

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


This study explores the relationships among unionization, compensation practices, and employee attachment (quit rates and tenure) among trucking companies to assess the applicability of Freeman and Medoff's exit/voice argument. Unionization was associated with lower quit rates, higher tenure, a better compensation package, and stronger voice mechanisms. The relationship of unionization to quit rates and tenure becomes nonsignificant after accounting for compensation (pay and benefits), and voice mechanisms do not add explanatory variance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-645
Number of pages21
JournalIndustrial Relations
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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