Unified mathematical modelling of steady-state and dynamic voltage-current characteristics for PEM fuel cells

X. D. Xue, Ka Wai Eric Cheng, D. Sutanto

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a unified mathematical modelling technique for computing the steady-state and dynamic voltage-current (V-I) characteristics of PEM fuel cell stacks is developed. The proposed modelling method is based on the least squares technique and a set of electrochemical equations representing the PEM fuel cells. Three PEM fuel cell systems are considered for validating the proposed model. Furthermore, the authors investigated load current optimization by using the proposed method, in order to maximize the power output. Hence, this study provides a valuable approach for optimization of operating points of fuel cells and design of power conditioning units, simulators, and system controllers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1144
Number of pages10
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2006


  • Dynamic characteristics
  • Fuel cell
  • Modelling
  • Proton exchange membrane
  • Steady-state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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