Unfolding community homophily in U.S. metropolitans via human mobility

Xiao Huang, Yuhui Zhao, Siqin Wang, Xiao Li, Di Yang, Yu Feng, Yang Xu, Liao Zhu, Biyu Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As described in the proverb “birds of a feather flock together”, the term homophily narrates the principle that stronger spatial interactions tend to be formed among locations with similar characteristics. Taking advantage of mobility networks derived from around 45 million mobile devices in the U.S. and targeting the top twenty most-populated U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), we extract human mobility structures by detecting communities formed by strong spatial links and unravel the homophily effect at the community level using information entropy that measures the chaoticness of societal settings within communities. The results suggest that the power-law still, to a large extent, governs the travel patterns in MSAs. However, communities featured by strong human interactions can sometimes transcend geographic proximity in modern metropolitans. The entropy varies across communities, and a community can exhibit variation of homophily levels when different sociodemographic settings are investigated. Our study proves the ubiquity of the homophily phenomenon in modern metropolitans and documents its variation from different social perspectives from a mobility-oriented setting. The conceptual and analytical knowledge, as well as the results of this study, are expected to facilitate better policymaking to promote social integration in metropolitan areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103929
JournalCities
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Community entropy
  • Homophily
  • Human mobility
  • Mobile phone data
  • Segregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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