Understanding entrepreneurial intentions: A developed integrated structural model approach

Kourosh Esfandiar, Mohamad Sharifi-Tehrani, Stephen Albert Pratt, Levent Altinay

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

283 Citations (Scopus)


The primary objective of this study is to develop the pioneering version of Krueger's (2009) integrated model of entrepreneurial intention (EI) and to empirically test the new model in explaining individuals' intentions of entrepreneurial activities. The data were collected by the self-reported in-person and electronic questionnaires from a population of tourism students from several universities in Iran. The results of partial least squares estimations indicate that desirability is the main determinant of entrepreneurial goal intention (EGI), followed by self-efficacy, feasibility, opportunity, attitude, and collective-efficacy, while social norms do not influence EGI. Also, EGI strongly influences entrepreneurial implementation intention. Concerning the modification effect, the impact of perceived opportunity on EGI tends to increase when an individual has a high propensity to act. The findings provide policy makers with important insights into how to nurture tourism students' EIs through educational programs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Business Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2017


  • Entrepreneurial goal intention
  • Entrepreneurial implementation intention
  • Integrated model
  • Structural equation modeling
  • Tourism students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing


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