Ultrasonography of neck lymph nodes in children

Tin Cheung Ying, Y. Y.P. Lee, K. T. Wong, V. Y.F. Leung, A. T. Ahuja

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrasound is an ideal imaging tool for initial assessment of cervical lymph nodes in children. Grey scale ultrasound helps to evaluate the morphology of cervical nodes, whereas power Doppler ultrasound assesses the nodal vasculature. On grey scale ultrasound, useful sonographic features that help in identifying pathologic nodes include round contour, absence of echogenic hilus, intranodal necrosis, calcification, ill-defined borders, matting, and adjacent soft tissue oedema. On power Doppler ultrasound, evaluation of vascular pattern of lymph nodes helps to differentiate malignant and benign nodes. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology is becoming popular in paediatric patients, and ultrasound-guided core biopsy is also possible in this group of patients under local anaesthesia. This article reviews these topics to provide an overview of ultrasonography of cervical lymphadenopathy in children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalHong Kong Journal of Paediatrics
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Neck lymph nodes
  • Paediatrics
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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