Ultrahigh-strength and ductile superlattice alloys with nanoscale disordered interfaces

T Yang, Y. L. Zhao, WP Li, CY Yu, J. H. Luan, DY Lin, Lei Fan, Zengbao Jiao, WH Liu, XJ Liu, JJ Kai, JC Huang, CT Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Alloys that have high strengths at high temperatures are crucial for a variety of important industries including aerospace. Alloys with ordered superlattice structures are attractive for this purpose but generally suffer from poor
ductility and rapid grain coarsening. We discovered that nanoscale disordered interfaces can effectively overcome these problems. Interfacial disordering is driven by multielement cosegregation that creates a distinctive
nanolayer between adjacent micrometer-scale superlattice grains. This nanolayer acts as a sustainable ductilizing source, which prevents brittle intergranular fractures by enhancing dislocation mobilities. Our superlattice
materials have ultrahigh strengths of 1.6 gigapascals with tensile ductilities of 25% at ambient temperature. Simultaneously, we achieved negligible grain coarsening with exceptional softening resistance at elevated temperatures. Designing similar nanolayers may open a pathway for further optimization of alloy properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-432
JournalScience
Volume369
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

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