Ultrahigh refractive index sensing performance of plasmonic quadrupole resonances in gold nanoparticles

Zehui Yong, Dangyuan Lei, Chi Hang Lam, Yu Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The refractive index sensing properties of plasmonic resonances in gold nanoparticles (nanorods and nanobipyramids) are investigated through numerical simulations. We find that the quadruple resonance in both nanoparticles shows much higher sensing figure of merit (FOM) than its dipolar counterpart, which is attributed mainly to the reduction in resonance linewidth. More importantly, our results predict that at the same sensing wavelength, the sensing FOM of the quadrupole mode can be significantly boosted from 3.9 for gold nanorods to 7.4 for gold nanobipyramids due to the geometry-dependent resonance linewidth, revealing a useful strategy for optimizing the sensing performance of metal nanoparticles.
Original languageEnglish
Article number187
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Localized surface plasmon resonance
  • Refractive index sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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