Ultrahigh birefringence index-guiding photonic crystal fiber and its application for pressure and temperature discrimination

Zhengyong Liu, Chuang Wu, Ming Leung Vincent Tse, Chao Lu, Hwa Yaw Tam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inthis Letter, we reported on an ultrahigh birefringence photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a germanium-doped elliptical core, which is fabricated in our lab using the stack-and-draw method. An ultrahigh birefringence of 1.1 × 10-2is obtained experimentally, which isclosetothe theoretical value of1.4 × 10-2at the wavelength of1550 nm. Toour knowledge, this is the highest birefringence reportedto date for fabricated index-guiding PCF. Fiber Bragggratings(FBG) were written in the fiber to confirm its ultrahigh birefringence, and we demonstrated the capability to simultaneously measure the FBG's pressure and temperature experimentally. Because of the large separation of the two FBG peaks (>12 nm), such fiber is a promising candidate for a single polarization device.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1387
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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