Ultrafine Titanium Nitride Sheath Decorated Carbon Nanofiber Network Enabling Stable Lithium Metal Anodes

Kui Lin, Xianying Qin, Ming Liu, Xiaofu Xu, Gemeng Liang, Junxiong Wu, Feiyu Kang, Guohua Chen, Baohua Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonuniform local electric field and few nucleation sites on the reactive interface tend to cause detrimental lithium (Li) dendrites, which incur severe safety hazards and hamper the practical application of Li metal anodes in batteries. Herein, a carbon nanofiber (CNF) mat decorated with ultrafine titanium nitride (TiN) nanoparticles (CNF-TiN) as both current collector and host material is reported for Li metal anodes. Uniform Li deposition is achieved by a synergetic effect of lithiophilic TiN and 3D CNF configuration with a highly conductive network. Theoretical calculations reveal that Li prefers to be adsorbed onto the TiN sheath with a low diffusion energy barrier, leading to controllable nucleation sites and dendrite-free Li deposits. Moreover, the pseudocapacitive behavior of TiN identified through kinetics analysis is favorable for ultrafast Li+ storage and the charge transfer process, especially under a high plating/stripping rate. The CNF-TiN-modified Li anodes deliver lower nucleation overpotential for Li plating and superior electrochemical performance under a large current density (200 cycles at 3 mA cm−2) and high capacity (100 cycles with 6 mAh cm−2), as well as a long-running lifespan (>600 h). The CNF-TiN-based full cells using lithium iron phosphate and sulfur cathodes exhibit excellent cycling stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903229
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume29
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • carbon nanofiber
  • lithium metal anode
  • pseudocapacitive behavior
  • titanium nitride
  • uniform lithium plating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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