Ultrabroadband tuning and fine structure of emission spectra in lanthanide er-doped znse nanosheets for display and temperature sensing

Yuan Liu, Gongxun Bai, Yongxin Lyu, Youjie Hua, Renguang Ye, Junjie Zhang, Liang Chen, Shiqing Xu, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Realizing multicolored luminescence in two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials would afford potential for a range of next-generation nanoscale optoelectronic devices. Moreover, combining fine structured spectral line emission and detection may further enrich the studies and applications of functional nanomaterials. Herein, a lanthanide doping strategy has been utilized for the synthesis of 2D ZnSe:Er3+ nanosheets to achieve fine-structured, multicolor luminescence spectra. Simultaneous upconversion and downconversion emission is realized, which can cover an ultrabroadband optical range, from ultraviolet through visible to the near-infrared region. By investigating the low-temperature fine structure of emission spectra at 4 K, we have observed an abundance of sublevel electronic energy transitions, elucidating the electronic structure of Er3+ ions in the 2D ZnSe nanosheet. As the temperature is varied, these nanosheets exhibit tunable multicolored luminescence under 980 and 365 nm excitation. Utilizing the distinct sublevel transitions of Er3+ ions, the developed 2D ZnSe:Er3+ optical temperature sensor shows high absolute (15.23% K-1) and relative sensitivity (8.61% K-1), which is superior to conventional Er3+-activated upconversion luminescent nanothermometers. These findings imply that Er3+-doped ZnSe nanomaterials with direct and wide band gap have the potential for applications in future low-dimensional photonic and sensing devices at the 2D limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16003-16012
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2020


  • 2D nanosheets
  • Lanthanide phosphors
  • Multicolor
  • Temperature sensing
  • ZnSe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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